For this week’s blog post, I invited Anna Gurariy, Owner and Director at the Guranya Montessori School, to share her analysis of how the Montessori method and the Adizes methodology are interconnected. I hope you enjoy it.
– Dr. Ichak Kalderon Adizes
My name is Anna Gurariy. I live and work in Moscow, Russia. I am the owner and director of Guranya Montessori School, which I established 12 years ago. Now the school has two branches – Montessori kindergartens.
I am a musician. That was my first education. But later I got interested in the Montessori method that changed my life. It all started when I decided to find a kindergarten for my two-year old daughter that could provide such universal values as trust and respect to the whole world and people around us.
I discovered a passion for the Montessori Method and later went for Montessori teacher training program. I obtained AMI Montessori Assistant to Infancy (ages 0-3) credential in 2013, and now I operate 2 Montessori kindergartens, teaching a toddler group, and run methodology projects in my company.
I learned about Ichak Adizes’ methodology in 2007 when I was working on my Executive MBA degree at the Academy of National Economy (Moscow, Russia). Ichak Adizes was a scientific adviser in our group. So, at that time I got, I would say, an “injection”… and in all these years I have been “ill” for his methodology, which seems so brilliant and simple at the same time.
Since 2007, I have been using tools of the methodology. At this moment, I have read all books written by Ichak Adizes I could find in book stores. By applying his methodology in my company, I have realized that it is one of the real therapies for improving any organization, and allowed us to achieve extraordinary results without wasting much time and human energy.
I also realized that the Montessori method and Adizes methodology are very interconnected with each other. I was astonished when I understood that it was the Montessori method, as no any other methods can provide Four Roles of Startup Management.
A few words about the Montessori method. Dr. Maria Montessori is a world-known scientist. She was the one who became the first woman doctor in Italy in 1896. Her educational method is based on scientific pedagogy and stresses the importance of observing and guiding children in a prepared environment where they experience a combination of freedom and self-discipline.
Montessori’s idea of the prepared environment was that everything the child came in contact with would facilitate and maximize independent learning and exploration. She created and designed materials for the prepared environment that help a child explore and follow his own natural impulses, developing his potential and increasing his knowledge of the world around him. Guided by the prepared environment, the child experiences freedom of movement, freedom of exploration, freedom to interact socially, freedom from interference from others, and freedom of choice.
The adult (the guide) is also a part of the Montessori environment. Their role is to facilitate the child to teach himself by following his own internal urges that will lead him to take what he needs from the prepared environment.
Discipline and freedom are the two sides of the same coin in a Montessori environment. It encourages freedom, but with the Montessori method the child learns to respect the rules.
Those who attended Montessori school became successful in their life.
So, how does the Montessori Method provide the Four Roles of Management?
The ‘P’ role can be formed easily because the children work with materials using certain logic and they are short-term result oriented.
For example, a child wants to work with the Pink Tower. He has to follow a certain pattern: first, he needs to understand what he would like to do with the Pink Tower, then decide whether he is going to work on a mat, on the floor or at the table. Then he brings the material, does certain manipulative movements working with the Pink Tower, and finally brings it back in place.
The ‘A’ role is also there because the Montessori method provides strict rules from the very first day a child steps into the classroom. For instance, if he takes material he should put it back in place. Order and rules are always maintained in a Montessori classroom. Order is in a prepared environment, in a sequence of movements, in interacting with other children and adults. And due to that we can get efficiency. When the children are used to those rules, little by little they start getting normalized.
The ‘E’ role is also performed there because there is a lot of room for creativity, and for making brand new things. After the child has gotten a presentation with new material, the guide encourages him to do a set of new exercises with the same material. The children are involved in numerous creative projects in Montessori schools.
The ‘I’ role gets constant development. Dr. Maria Montessori created certain rules for the children to be able to get along with each other. The child who is the first to take material should bring it back in place for another child to take it. Maria Montessori brought a lot of materials to the prepared environment and they are all different to one and another. And that is the great idea, because the children get the possibility to start communicating with each other through using materials. If a child wants to work with the same material another child is working with, he cannot drag it from her. Instead, he has to think of another possibility. He can choose: either to ask another child to let her join him and work with the material together or to wait until she returns the material back to its place. Thus, the children have a need for integration.
When is the time to implement the Adizes methodology? My answer is from birth.
Observing children and learning more and more about their nature, I can see that children from 0 to 6 have a unique gift – an absorbent mind that allows them to take in information from the world as a camera does. And what gets in will last forever in their minds. We can find the same in the Adizes methodology that says that we must not ignore what is going on with a child between the ages 0-6.
I also plan to open a Montessori school for ages 6-12 and 12-18. And I would like to implement the Adizes methodology tools in the children’s education from the start.
I believe that it is good to introduce the methodology not only to grown-ups but also to children because our main goal is to teach children to respect themselves and the whole world around them. The Montessori method and Adizes methodology are the tools that can help us to achieve this noble goal.
Guest blog contributed by:
Director, Guranya Montessori School